‘A Woman, Just Not which Woman’: How Sexism Plays Out on the Trail

Women are conscious which smaller elements of how they present themselves are subject to scrutiny. Representative Madeleine Dean — one of four Democratic women elected to the House last year coming from Pennsylvania, whose congressional delegation was previously all-male — said an aide would likely stand inside back of the room during her campaign events, holding up a cardboard sign which has a smiley face to remind her to shift the serious expression she naturally wore while listening to voters.

She was also coached, “though I did not take his coaching, not to cross my arms in front of myself because then you look mad,” Ms. Dean said.

These sorts of criticisms were common inside 2016 campaign, not only against Mrs. Clinton nevertheless also against Carly Fiorina, who ran inside Republican primary. “Look at which face,” Mr. Trump said at one point, openly mocking Ms. Fiorina’s appearance. “would likely anyone vote for which? Can you imagine which, the face of our next president?” (Mr. Trump subsequently claimed he had been talking about her persona. Ms. Fiorina, who did not respond to interview requests just for This specific article, said at the time, “I think women all over This specific country heard very clearly what Mr. Trump said.”)

Because these judgments are so superficial, in addition to their gendered nature so obvious, they draw substantial backlash. nevertheless which doesn’t mean they stop.

“The women who run are still going to be, I think, more scrutinized about their appearance,” said Debbie Walsh, director of the Center for American Women in addition to Politics at Rutgers University. “I would likely love to think which they won’t get the kind of comments which Hillary Clinton got about, ‘Why can be she yelling at me?’ ‘Why doesn’t she smile more?’ I’d love to think which which’s all gone today, nevertheless I don’t believe which to be true.”

History influences what voters see as normal. in addition to for 230 years inside United States, presidential leadership has been male.

For many decades, This specific was a self-sustaining cycle: Female candidates were outside the norm, so they didn’t win, so they remained outside the norm. nevertheless the history of women’s representation at some other levels of government shows which the norm can shift.