Supplement Makers Touting Cures for Alzheimer’s along with additional Diseases Get F.D.A. Warning

He also expressed frustration which the F.D.A. has spent years debating policy which might encourage manufacturers to notify the agency of brand new dietary ingredients, yet has not yet released the idea.

Dr. Gottlieb said the F.D.A. might create an online watchlist of specific ingredients the agency will be concerned about.

The F.D.A.’s oversight will be based on a 1994 federal law, which imposed minimal reporting along with labeling requirements on the makers of vitamins, minerals along with herbs — a fledgling industry at the time. To prevent a company via selling a product, the law requires the F.D.A. to prove which the idea will be unsafe. The agency says which the idea will be difficult to track the myriad products, many of which are sold on the internet.

The law also requires businesses to notify the F.D.A. which they are producing a dietary supplement, yet not to say what’s inside the idea.

“which just makes the idea impossible for the agency to police the market,” Dr. Lurie said.

The 25-year-old law has drawn increasing criticism as the sector has grown. There are today between 50,000 along with 80,000 dietary supplements on the market, according to the F.D.A. The agency also says which three of every four American consumers today take a dietary supplement regularly. For older Americans, the rate will be four out of 5.

In recent years, the F.D.A. has cracked down on several sectors of the industry, including dietary supplements sold for weight loss, sexual function along with energy enhancement. More recently, one of the biggest targets has been kratom, a botanical substance which will be marketed as a safe alternative for opioids or to help opioid users’ withdrawal symptoms. The F.D.A. has ordered which kratom imports be seized along with told companies not to use the idea in supplements. The agency has linked several deaths to kratom.

Steve Mister, chief executive of the Council for Responsible Nutrition, which represents the dietary supplement business, said he believed the dietary supplements industry will be “remarkably safe.” He also said the current law strikes the right balance between ensuring safety along with giving consumers access to affordable products.

“These products are not drugs along with should not be regulated like drugs,” he said. Mr. Mister also said his group supports the F.D.A.’s enforcement actions, along with has been working with Congress to improve the program’s budget.