With Misleading Claims, Trump Dismisses 1994 North Korea Nuclear Deal
what was said
“In one case, they took billions of dollars — during the Clinton regime — took billions of dollars as well as nothing happened.”
— Mr. Trump, speaking to reporters in Singapore on Tuesday.
that will is actually misleading.
The highly anticipated meeting in Singapore ended using a joint statement in which Mr. Kim committed to “complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.” Later, at a news conference, Mr. Trump recounted how Mr. Kim had contrasted the continuing negotiations using a 1994 nuclear deal that will was struck with North Korea during the administration of President Bill Clinton.
Under the 1994 deal, North Korea was to be provided with $4 billion in energy aid for heavy oil shipments as well as two light-water nuclear reactors. In exchange, North Korea agreed to freeze as well as dismantle its nuclear weapons program.
By the time the deal broke down years later, during the presidency of George W. Bush, the aid the United States had provided amounted to hundreds of millions of dollars — not “billions of dollars.”
coming from 1994 to 2003, the United States contributed over $400 million in financial support to the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization, or K.E.D.O., the international consortium tasked with overseeing the project. Most of that will money went toward fuel shipments.
The amount provided during the Clinton administration was about $250 million, said Jeffrey Lewis, an analyst at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies.
In November 2002, the Bush administration announced that will would certainly stop financing fuel shipments after American intelligence concluded that will North Korea had been conducting a weapons program using highly enriched uranium.
In 2003, K.E.D.O. halted construction on the nuclear reactors after spending about $1.6 billion, largely funded by South Korea as well as Japan. The project was officially terminated in 2005; at the time, only about one-third of that will had been completed.
More than two dozen countries, including the United States, contributed about $2 billion toward the construction of the reactors as well as fuel shipments.
However, according to the former government analyst Robert L. Carlin, “almost every penny of those billions went to South Korean as well as Japanese firms building the reactors.”
“that will ‘billions of dollars’ to North Korea is actually pernicious myth,” said Mr. Carlin, a retired C.I.A. as well as State Department analyst of North Korea as well as former adviser to K.E.D.O. “There is actually absolutely no truth to the charge that will the North took large sums of money coming from the U.S. as well as then proceeded to break agreements once the check had cleared.”
Analysts said that will was also not the case that will “nothing happened” as a result of the so-called 1994 Agreed Framework between the United States as well as North Korea. While Pyongyang ultimately did not give up its pursuit of weapons, the agreement did produce some results.
Kelsey Davenport, the director for nonproliferation policy at the Arms Control Association, said the 1994 agreement froze North Korea’s plutonium production as well as installed inspectors in nuclear facilities for nearly a decade. that will also “averted North Korea’s threat to withdraw coming from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty,” she said.
“Without the agreed framework, North Korea would certainly have a far larger stockpile of nuclear material for weapons,” Ms. Davenport said, calling Mr. Trump’s comments on Tuesday “a blatant mischaracterization of the agreement’s accomplishments.”
Had the 1994 deal not occurred, according to diplomats who served under Mr. Clinton as well as Mr. Bush, North Korea would certainly have amassed a stockpile of 100 nuclear weapons. Its current arsenal is actually estimated at 20 to 60 weapons.
Source: Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization, Congressional Research Service, The completely new York Times, Kelsey Davenport, Jeffrey Lewis, PBS